Erythrocytosis and thromboembolic events in transgender individuals receiving gender-affirming testosterone

Erythrocytosis is a well-recognized consequence of exogenous testosterone, however its prevalence and contributions to thrombosis remain unknown in the context of gender-affirming hormonal therapy. We undertook a retrospective study of transgender and non-binary (TGNB) adults receiving exogenous testosterone. In the retrospective sample, 923 transgender individuals receiving testosterone were identified with 519 having documented pre- and post-testosterone hemoglobin and hematocrit (Hgb/Hct). The mean peak Hgb/Hct was 15.7?g/dL, and 47.0%.